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Next Generation Science Standards: Fostering Science Learning to Last a Lifetime
A strong foundation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) will put your child on the road to success in school and beyond. Important critical-thinking skills will cultivate the great thinkers and innovators of tomorrow and promote a better educated public. And, graduates in the STEM fields will have great job prospects. Young children ask many questions, just like scientists. But by the time kids get to middle school, many think that science is hard and means memorizing a lot of facts. Far too many kids never get a chance to explore and engage in science as it’s done in the real world by scientists. The time has come to make a change and help all students develop a scientific way of thinking that will prepare them to be informed citizens and ready for college and careers. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) developed by teachers, scientists, and leaders in science and science education from around the country, focus on the big ideas in science and emphasizes the common practices that scientists use every day, such as planning investigations, developing models, and designing solutions. The NGSS encourage students to learn the processes of science in a deep, meaningful way through firsthand investigative experiences, instead of just memorizing facts for a test. This scientific way of thinking will ensure that the concepts children learn in school will stay with them not just for a day, a week, or a year—but for a lifetime. Here are answers to a few questions you might have about the Next Generation Science Standards.
What are the Next Generation Science Standards?
Like learning to ride a bike or play music, the experience of doing science is far more important than just reading about it in a book. The NGSS promote a new way of teaching and learning that allows students to actively do and experience science in a deep, meaningful way, not just learn about it from a textbook or a lecture. The standards accomplish this by integrating three dimensions of learning:
- science disciplinary core ideas (the content, for example, biology);
- major practices (how science is conducted in the real world, such as through planning and carrying out investigations); and
- crosscutting concepts (science ideas, like cause and effect, that permeate all the sciences).
The new standards also incorporate important engineering and technology principles, starting in elementary school. Most importantly, the NGSS set high expectations for all students, not just those planning to pursue STEM careers. Education teams from 26 states led the development of the NGSS, with a 41-member writing team (many of them classroom teachers) and in collaboration with many stakeholders, experts, and partners, including NSTA. Thousands of educators, parents, and other community members also participated in an extensive review of drafts.
How do I know if my state has adopted the NGSS or if my school or district is using or planning to use the new standards?
As of this writing, 18 states (including the District of Columbia) have formally adopted the standards, and many others are planning to adopt some time in the future. Regardless of state adoption decisions, many school and district leaders recognize the value of these new standards and are working to incorporate the NGSS into curriculum and instruction. To find out if or when the NGSS are coming to your school, start by contacting your child’s science teacher or your school district’s office of science. If there are no plans to adopt or use the standards, we encourage you to speak up and request that your school or district look into using the new standards.
The NGSS were developed independently and are not part of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) initiative. The CCSS initiative (released in 2010) establishes goals for what students should know in mathematics (CCSS-M) and in English language arts (CCSS-ELA) at the end of each grade. While the CCSS-ELA standards do include goals for reading and writing within content areas, such as science, they do not and should not replace the NGSS. In contrast, the NGSS (released in 2013) present the science content, practices, and concepts students should know at different grade levels and build coherently as they progress from kindergarten to 12th grade. The NGSS development team worked closely with the CCSS writers to ensure the science standards align to the mathematics content and make important literacy connections.