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Three-Dimensional Learning Resources


Three-dimensional learning uses science and engineering practices to actively engage students in science learning, integrating these with disciplinary core ideas and crosscutting concepts, and explaining phenomena and/or designing solutions to problems to drive student learning.

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Journal Article

Community Connections to Support Early Science Learning

Community resources offer extensions of early science learning that can deepen connections to the local ecosystem. This column offers ideas to extend ...


Journal Article

3D Assessment

We are now a decade past the release of the NGSS —an event that has shaped the way we teach science. The NGSS, with its three-dimensional approach e...


Journal Article

From Windy Day Stories to Wind Farms of the Future: Leveraging student resources to make sense of science phenomena with Data Puzzles

This article introduces the Data Puzzles instructional framework as a means to engage middle school students in the exploration of wind energy and its...


Journal Article

Socioscientific Modeling: Helping Students See Systems and Understand Messy Issues

In this article we present a strategy to help students unpack complex, socioscientific issues. We outline a 90-minute learning experience where studen...


Journal Article

Argumentative Writing Workshop for Conceptual Learning and Weekly Writing for Knowledge Application in Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratories

Pedagogical approaches for supporting students’ argumentative writing in science laboratories have not been fully established. This paper examines t...


Journal Article

Discover student thinking while analyzing data…and having fun! (Data Literacy 101)

Our students rarely practice data skills with data not related to our science content, which makes sense given all we must teach. But always asking ou...


Journal Article

Eliciting Student Thinking

Journal Article

The Science Practice of Modeling as a Sensemaking Tool

Does the scientific practice of modeling actually support students in making thinking visible? Middle school teachers can build from the work of 12 ...


Journal Article

Exploring Socioscientific Issues through Evidence-Based Argumentation with MEL Diagrams

Critical thinking skills are best taught as students participate in the scientific practice of argumentation. When engaged in scientific argumentatio...


Journal Article

Making Scientific Sensemaking Visible

Many teachers and schools are coming to recognize the importance of sensemaking in the science classroom. But what does an NGSS-informed sensemaking l...


Reports Article

Freebies and Opportunities for Science and STEM Teachers, January 9, 2024

Journal Article

Bringing the Outside In

Classroom communities are more than just teachers and students. Administrators, other teachers and students, teacher aides, all school staff, families...

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