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  • Reflections on Implementation

    Book Chapter | February 2010

    The intent of this chapter is not to review the literature that justifies and rationalizes the implementation of field-based learning experiences for elementary and middle school students and teachers. The authors…

  • Reflections on Assessment

    Book Chapter | December 2002

    As a context for thinking about the claims made in this book, some of the circumstances that have influenced the demand for and character of assessment in general are noted. The argument is then made that the…

  • Light and Reflection

    Book Chapter | May 2019

    The guiding question of this investigation is, What is the relationship between the location of an object and the location of its image in a mirror? In this lesson, the goal is to figure out how to predict where an…

  • Fostering Reflective Teaching

    Journal Article | March 2022

    The Student Participation Observation Tool (SPOT) is a web-based classroom observation protocol developed for higher education STEM courses and based on research on evidence-based practices. The low-inference and…

  • Can It Reflect Light?

    Book Chapter | March 2018

    The purpose of this assessment probe is to elicit students’ ideas about reflection. The probe is designed to find out if students recognize that all objects we can see reflect some light. The probe is provided in…

  • Promoting Student Reflection on Exams

    Book Chapter | January 2009

    One of the greatest challenges in assessing student performance is providing students with the detailed and appropriate feedback they need to learn from their mistakes. Summative assessments, in the form of exams, are…

  • End-Of-Year Activities And Reflections

    Book Chapter | May 2012

    By spending a little time at the end of the year organizing your materials and reflecting on your experiences as discussed in this chapter, you’ll be ready for the challenges at the beginning of the next year.

  • Assessment That Reflects the Three Dimensions of the NGSS

    Book Chapter | April 2018

    This chapter, by Susan German, addresses the importance of explicitly teaching crosscutting concepts, adding scientific argumentation to assessment, and redesigning assessments to move students toward attaining the…

  • Connecting Educators Through Equitable and Reflective Practice

    Journal Article | May 2022

  • Reflecting on Instruction to Promote Equity and Alignment to the NGSS

    Book Chapter | February 2015

    Prior to the Next Generation Science Standards, science ideas were removed from practices and crosscutting concepts, which resulted in science learning as a memorization exercise that did not enable students to explain…

  • Examining Student Work and Interactions That Reflect the NGSS

    Book Chapter | April 2018

    This chapter, by Deb M. Kneser, discusses the collaborative analysis of student work as an effective method of professional development. By engaging in a collaborative review of student work, science educators can…

  • A Reflection on the Changing Reality of Science

    Journal Article | April 2020

  • Reflections on Fostering Teacher Inquiries Into Science Learning and Teaching

    Book Chapter | December 2006

    Emily van Zee is an associate professor of science education at Oregon State University and co-organizer of Teacher Researcher Day at National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) national conferences. She has been a…

  • Collaborative Conversations and Intentional Reflections on Teaching and Learning Physics

    Book Chapter | December 2006

    Dorothy Simpson taught mathematics for 15 years before she started teaching physics at Mercer Island High School near Seattle. Now retired, she is serving as a volunteer at a local elementary school with special…

  • Nonmajor Students’ Use of Reflection to Enhance Biology Understanding and Relevance

    Journal Article | July 2023

    Although most students in nonmajor biology courses will not enter careers in science, they will need a working understanding of biology and how it relates to their lives to make informed decisions on important topics…

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