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Daily Do

How Does Air Make Things Move?

Crosscutting Concepts Disciplinary Core Ideas Is Lesson Plan NGSS Phenomena Physical Science Science and Engineering Practices Three-Dimensional Learning Elementary

Welcome to NSTA's Daily Do

Teachers and families across the country are facing a new reality of providing opportunities for students to do science through distance and home learning. The Daily Do is one of the ways NSTA is supporting teachers and families with this endeavor. Each weekday, NSTA will share a sensemaking task teachers and families can use to engage their students in authentic, relevant science learning. We encourage families to make time for family science learning (science is a social process!) and are dedicated to helping students and their families find balance between learning science and the day-to-day responsibilities they have to stay healthy and safe.

Interested in learning about other ways NSTA is supporting teachers and families? Visit the NSTA homepage.

What Is Sensemaking?

Sensemaking is actively trying to figure out how the world works (science) or how to design solutions to problems (engineering). Students do science and engineering through the science and engineering practices. Engaging in these practices necessitates that students be part of a learning community to be able to share ideas, evaluate competing ideas, give and receive critique, and reach consensus. Whether this community of learners is made up of classmates or family members, students and adults build and refine science and engineering knowledge together.

Introduction

Today's task is geared toward younger children and their families (older siblings are encouraged to participate!) and uses wind moving objects around as the phenomenon to motivate science learning. Using familiar objects, students conduct investigations (science and engineering practice) and use the thinking tools of patterns and cause-and-effect (crosscutting concepts) to make sense of these science ideas: Pushes can be big or small and can cause changes in motion.


Daily Do Playlist: Pushes and Pulls

How does air make things move? is a stand-alone task. However, it can be taught as part of an instructional sequence in which students coherently build ownership of science ideas about what pushes and pulls can do. In this first of three playlist lessons, students investigate the effect the size of a push has on the motion of objects familiar to them.

View Playlist


 

 

Experience the Phenomenon

Young children have experience with wind moving objects, but may never had a chance to notice and wonder. Consider sharing this video of wind moving leaves with your students so they have a common experience with the phenomenon (they can share and build on one another's ideas). Ask students to make and record observations using words and/or pictures. You may need to play the video more than once. Encourage students to ask questions about what they've observed in the video or a related phenomenon (personal experiences similar to what they observed in the video). Record all questions.

The Engaging Students with the Leaves Phenomenon video offers suggestions on different ways you and your students might experience this phenomenon together. The presenter uses Whiteboard.fi to help her participants-as-learners identify patterns in their observations.

Materials

  • straw (short, or cut in half)
  • feather
  • cotton ball
  • small river rock or similar item
  • dried beans (small and large, such as kidney and lima bean)

straw

Getting Started With the Task

Set objects on the table. Tell students to each pick up a straw.

Ask your students to blow with the straw on the back of their hands, then ask them to describe what they feel. You might ask: What is pushing on your hand? (What did you blow through the straw?)

Investigation 1

Ask: What do you think will happen when you use the straw to blow on the different objects on the table? Why do you think so?

Let your students explore blowing on the objects for a little while. Then instruct your students to select one of the objects and ask, What do you think will happen if you blow softly on this [object]? If you blow harder? Let them try and make observations. Some questions you might ask your students include

  • How do you make the objects start moving?
  • How does the object move (roll, slide, or hop) when you blow on it through the straw?
  • What do you notice that is similar between the object's movement with a hard blow through the straw and a soft blow? What do you notice that is different?
  • Can you make the object move the same distance each time? How did you do it?

Tell students: Now try blowing on all of the objects with hard blows through the straw and soft blows. Let them try and make observations.

Help students make sense of their exploration:

  • What patterns did you observe? (objects move farther when you blow harder rather than softer; objects move faster when you blow harder rather than softer; blowing on objects make them start moving; all the objects stopped moving; etc.)
  • Help students use the patterns they observed to make cause-and- effect connections using “When… then” statements. (For example, "When I blew harder on the cotton ball, then it moved farther.")

Investigation 2

Ask students: How could we make a fair test to find out how far the same size blow through the straw (push) moves each object? For a fair test, your students could line up the objects on the table and blow with the same size push (blow through the straw) on each object, noting how far each object moves.

Students may use different ways to measure how far each object moved depending on their age and prior experience. For example, students might just use general comparisons, such as farther, less far, etc. Your students might use non-standard measurements, such as their hands or other objects. Students might also use a ruler (as appropriate).

Help students recognize patterns in their data. You might ask the following:

  • Which objects moved the farthest? What did these objects have in common? (objects that rolled or had wheels moved farther than objects that slide across the table; lighter objects moved the farthest; etc.)
  • Which objects didn't move very far? What did these objects have in common? (heavy objects didn't move as far as light objects).

scarf

Consider asking students these questions (or similar questions) to help connect the investigations to the phenomenon.

  • How is air blowing out of the straw like the wind blowing outside? (air can move things; sometimes the wind blows softly, and sometimes it blows hard)
  • Why didn't all the leaves move the same way? (leaves have different shapes like the objects we blew on; some leaves are big and heavy and some are small and light)
  • What does the wind pushing on you feel like?
  • Does air move things/objects when it is not windy at all? Why do you say so?
  • Which questions are we able to answer?
  • How might we investigate the questions we have left? See collection of resources (below) for investigation ideas.

Going Further: Pushing Paint With Air

Kindergarten teachers Maria Barthelmann and Stephanie Canale leveraged their students' curiosity and interest in the phenomenon to engage them in an investigation in which students use the patterns they've identified to create art. Check out the Pushing Paint video (below) that these teachers created for their students' families.

Read about Ms. Barthelmann's and Ms. Canale's experience teaching the How does air make things move? Daily Do and pushing paint investigation with their kindergarten students in their article, "Using Daily Dos to Make Science Accessible to Our Youngest Learners," which was featured in the June 2020 issue of NSTA's e-newsletter, Next Gen Navigator.

Teaching the Daily Do Playlist

To navigate students to the next lesson on the playlist, you might ask them, "What do you think would happen if one of the objects we pushed on using our breath and the straw rolled, slid, bounced, or tumbled (use words that students used to describe their objects' motions) into another object on the table? Why do you say so?" Accept all answers.

Let's investigate!

View Playlist

Acknowledgement

The How does air make things move? Daily Do was adapted with permission from a Storytime STEM-Packs lesson. Explore all of the STEM-PACKS on the Storyline STEM-Packs website.

 

Storytime STEM Packs logo
NSTA Collection of Resources for Today's Daily Do

NSTA has created a How does air make things move? collection of resources to support teachers and families using this task. If you're an NSTA member, you can add this collection to your library by clicking + Add to My Library near the top of this page.

Check Out Previous Daily Dos From NSTA

The NSTA Daily Do is an open educational resource (OER) and can be used by educators and families providing students distance and home science learning. Access the entire collection of NSTA Daily Dos.

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